Lead-tin yellow

/ led tin   yel • low /

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About the chemical structure:

Chemical name:

lead stannate (Type I)

lead tin oxide silicate (Type II)


Pb2SnO4 (Type I)

Pb(Sn,Si)O3 (Type II)

Crystal system: Lead tin yellow I: tetragonal; Lead tin yellow II: cubic pyrochlore
Refractive index: above 2


Color Index (C.I.) 77629

How can you identify Lead-tin yellow?


UVF: no

IRFC: pale white


It's identified by means of FTIR and Raman.

Raman spectra: University College London;

FTIR spectra: IRUG;

Usage and handling:

Permanence: Toxicity:

Lightfast: excellent.

Degradation processes: studies have shown that it is permanent in most vehicles and can be used with all other pigments without alteration. On paintings, lead-tin yellow (type I) has been found mixed with lead white, vermilion, yellow lakes, ochres, verdigris, indigo and azurite.

very toxic. Lead-tin yellow contains lead and is poisonous. Utmost care should be used in handling the dry powder pigment to avoid inhaling the dust.

MSDS: Kremer


Kühn, H., Blei-Zinn-Gelb und seine Verwendung in der Malerei, Farbe und Lack, 73, 1967, p. 938-949

Clark, R.J.H, L.Cridland, B.M. Kariuki, K.D.M. Harris and R. Withnall, Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Raman-Spectroscopy of The Inorganic Pigments Lead-Tin Yellow Type-I and Type-II and Lead Antimonate Yellow - Their Identification on Medieval Paintings and Manuscripts, Journal of the Chemical Society-Dalton Transactions, 1995, p. 2577-2582

Artists’ Pigments. A Handbook of Their History and Characteristics, Vol. 2: A. Roy (Ed.) Oxford University Press 1993, p. 83-112.