Titanium Dioxide Whites

/ tie • tay • nee • uhm   wite /

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About the chemical structure:

Chemical name: Titanium dioxide
Formula: TiO2
3D model:

Crystal structure of anatase

Crystal structure of rutile

grey = titanium, red = oxygen

Crystal system: Anatase: Tetragonal - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal (at Mineralogy Database)
Refractive index: anatase: 2.3 - 2.65

How can you identify Titanium Dioxide Whites?

Chemical identification:



Raman spectra (pdf file download; at University of Florence, Italy)

IR-Spectra (at: Integrated Spectral Data Base System for Organic Compounds, Japan)

Usage and handling:

Permanence: Toxicity:
excellent MSDS (at National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA)


Artists’ Pigments. A Handbook of Their History and Characteristics, Vol. 3: E.W. Fitzhugh (Ed.) Oxford University Press 1997, p. 295-355

Titanweiss (at Pigmentlexikon by Th. Seilnacht)

Other whites
(intro) - Calcium carbonate whites - Lead white - Titanium dioxide - Zinc white