Haiku’s simple three-line, 17-syllable structure enables poets of all abilities to test their mettle, but it usually takes years and the patience of a still eye to master the form. Many millions of haiku have been written through the centuries, including a plethora by America’s Beat poets, who popularized the form in U.S. universities and poetry circles. Today, haiku societies exist in Japan, the United States, virtually all English-speaking countries, Germany, Sweden, France, The Netherlands, the Balkan countries, and Russia.
|Rhyme:||There is no set rhyme scheme|
|Structure:||Three lines five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables|
|Measure/Beat:||Haiku uses the "on," a phonetic unit similar but not identical to syllables. Thus, traditional Japanese haiku measures itself as five "on," seven "on," and five "on" in its three lines.|
|Common Themes:||Nature, spiritual longing or loneliness, specific moments|