Credits & feedback


This exhibit is part of a series examining scientific evidence, and the role of science in society.

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The text of this exhibit was adapted from a report from the Union of Concerned Scientists. This online version was produced by Michael Douma and IDEA. No photos were part of the original report.


Seth Shulman was the lead investigator and primary author of this report. Kurt Gottfried provided additional input, drafted sections of the report, and offered helpful guidance. Suzanne Shaw edited the report, with assistance from Bryan Wadsworth. UCS would like to thank the following individuals for their helpful comments on various aspects of the report: Michael Bean, Peter Frumhoff, David Grimes, Lisbeth Gronlund, Kevin Knobloch, Neal Lane, Michelle Manion, Margaret Mellon, Alden Meyer, Gordon Orians, and Anthony Robbins.

Major support for this report was provided by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.

The findings and opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the foundation that supported the work, nor the reviewers who provided comment on its content. Both the opinions and information contained herein are the sole responsibility of the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Original publication

Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: An Investigation into the Bush Administration’s Misuse of Science, February 2004.

From the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit partnership of scientists and citizens combining rigorous scientific analysis, innovative policy development, and effective citizen advocacy to achieve practical environmental solutions.

See UCS web site for a PDF version.


Early morning view of the Missouri River near Atchison, Kansas, 1974 from U.S. Archives. Forest from Bureau of Land Management Oregon State Office. Condor from U.S. Fish and Wildlife. Aluminum tubes from U.S. Department of State. Yucca Mountain from Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM), U.S. Department of Energy. Lead paint from Library of Congress. Bunker buster from Air Force. Coal plant from Phillip J. Redman, U.S. Geological Survey. Train and Ruckelshaus from EPA. Panofsky from Stanford. Bromley and Goldberger from AIP. Kennedy from AAAS. Branscomb from Harvard. Goldman from Hopkins. Russell from OSTP.

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