My dear Theo,
Gauguin and I thank you very much for the 100 Fr. you sent
and also for your letter.
Gauguin is very pleased that you like what he sent from
Brittany, and that other people who have seen them like them
Just now he has in hand some women in a vineyard, altogether
from memory, but if he does not spoil it or leave it unfinished
it will be very fine and very unusual. Also a picture of the
same night cafe that I painted too.
I have done two canvases of falling leaves, which Gauguin
liked, I think, and I'm working now on a vineyard all purple
Then I have an Arlésienne at last, a figure (size 30
Canvas) slashed on in an hour, background pale lemon, the face
grey, the clothes black, deep black, with unmixed Prussian
blue. She is leaning on a green table and seated in an armchair
of orange wood.
Gauguin has bought a chest of drawers for the house, and
various household utensils, also 20 metres of very strong
canvas, and a lot of things that we needed, and that at any
rate it was more convenient to have.
Only we have kept an account of all he has paid out, which
comes almost to 100 francs, so that either at the New Year or
say in March we can pay him back, and then the chest of drawers
etc. will naturally be ours.
I think this is right on the whole, since he intends to put
money by when he sells, till the time (say in a year) when he
has enough to risk a second voyage to Martinique.
We are working hard, and our life together goes very well. I
am very glad to know that you are not alone in the flat. These
drawings by de Haan are very fine. I like them very
much. Yet to do that with colour, to manage so much expression
without the help of chiaroscuro in black and white, damn it
all, it is not easy.
And he will even arrive at a new type of drawing if
he carries out his plan of passing through impressionism at
a school, considering his new attempts in colour merely as
studies. But in my opinion he is right over and over again to
do all this.
Only there are several so-called impressionists who have not
his knowledge of the figure, and it is just this knowledge of
the figure which will later on come again to the surface, and
which he will be all the better for. I am very anxious some day
to get to know de Haan and Isaäcson. If they ever came
here Gauguin would certainly say to them - go to Java for
impressionist work. For Gauguin though he works hard here is
still homesick for hot countries. And then it is unquestionable
that if you went to Java, for instance, with the one idea of
working on colour, you would see heaps of new things. Then in
those brighter countries, with a stronger sun, direct shadow,
as well as the cast shadow of objects and figures, becomes
quite different, and is so full of colour that one is tempted
simply to suppress it. That happens even here. Yet I will say
no more on the importance of painting in the tropics, I am
already sure de Haan and Isaäcson will feel the importance
In any case, to come here some time or other would do them
no harm, they would certainly find some interesting things.
So as not to delay this letter I will finish up for today. I
hope to write again soon. Your arrangement about money is quite
I think you will like the fall of the leaves that I have
It is some poplar trunks in lilac cut by the frame where the
These tree-trunks are lined like pillars along an avenue
where to right and left there are rows of old Roman tombs of a
blue lilac. And then the soil is covered, as with a carpet, by
a thick layer of yellow and orange fallen leaves. And they are
still falling like flakes of snow. And in the avenue little
black figures of lovers. The upper part of the picture is a
bright green meadow, and no sky or almost none.
The second canvas is the same avenue but with an old fellow
and a woman as fat and round as a ball.
But if only you had been with us on Sunday, when we saw a
red vineyard, all red like red wine. In the distance it turned
to yellow, and then a green sky with the sun, the earth after
the rain violet, sparkling yellow here and there where it
caught the reflection of the setting sun.
A handshake in thought from both of us, good bye for the
present. I will write again as soon as I can, and to our
Dutchmen too. [The two artists staying with Theo.]
Ever yours, Vincent
At this time, Vincent was 35 year old
Vincent van Gogh. Letter to Theo van Gogh. Written c. 6 November 1888 in Arles. Translated by Mrs. Johanna van Gogh-Bonger, edited by Robert Harrison, number 559.
This letter may be freely used, in accordance with the terms of this site.